How to prevent the development of wrinkles?
Wrinkles are part of natural ageing; they have to be accepted as such. None of the treatments above can turn the clock back far, and none are without risk. Onset of wrinkles and further progression of those already present can be prevented by following these tips:
The best way to prevent skin damage in any case is to avoid episodes of excessive sun exposure, particularly during the hours of 10 AM to 4 PM when sunlight pours down 80% of its daily UV dose. Reflective surfaces, such as sand, concrete, and white-painted areas should be avoided.
Clouds and haze are not protective, and in some cases may intensify UVB rays. Ultraviolet intensity depends on the angle of the sun, not heat or brightness. Sun lamps and tanning beds provide mostly UVA rays, and some experts believe that 15 to 30 minutes at a tanning salon are as dangerous as a day spent in the sun.
Sunscreens and sunblocks, used generously, may help prevent skin ageing and many skin cancers. It is important not to use sunscreen in order to stay out in the sun longer as it could paradoxically allow deeper sun damage including aging the skin without the warning of sunburn. It should be noted, however, that people may not apply enough sunscreen and many of the studies showing little protection were conducted before the development of newer products with high sun protection factors (SPF30+). The bottom line is not that people should avoid sunscreens but that they should always use them in combination with other sun-protective measures. Any sunscreens should contain a wide spectrum of UVA-blocking ingredients, which include butyl methoxydibenzoyl-methane (also called avobenzone or Parsol 1789), dioxybenzone, oxybenzone, sulisobenzone, methyl anthranilate, octocrylene, and octyl methoxycinnamate or ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate. Assuming the same ingredients are used, inexpensive products work as well as expensive ones. Waterproof formulas last for about 40 minutes in the water, whereas water-resistant formulas last half as long. Sunblocks prevent nearly all UVA and UVB rays from reaching the skin, but to be fully protective they must contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide.
The SPF is an indexed number based on the amount of UV radiation required to turn sunscreen- or sunblock-treated skin red compared to non-treated skin. Sunscreens should not be used on babies younger than six months. Older children should apply sunscreen of at least SPF 15. For adults, any sunscreen or sunblock used should have an SPF factor of 15 or higher; adults who rarely tan and burn easily should use SPF 30. Sunscreen or sunblock should be applied liberally 15 to 30 minutes before venturing outdoors and reapplied every two hours or so even on overcast days and especially after exercise or swimming.
Wearing sun-protective clothing is extremely important and protects even better than sunscreens. Everyone, including children, should wear hats with wide brims. Clothing is being designed for blocking UV rays and is being rated using SPR ratings or the UPF (ultraviolet protection factor) index, with 50 UPF being the highest. People should look for loosely-fitted, unbleached, tightly woven fabrics. Washing clothes over and over improves UPF by drawing fabrics together during shrinkage. Clothing treated with a new compound called Rayosan increases the UPF rating of normal summer-weight cotton by 300%. Everyone over age one should wear sunglasses that block all UVA and UVB rays when in the sun.
People are encouraged to wash their face with a mild non-soap cleanser. Alkaline soaps, especially with deodorant, should be avoided. The skin should be patted dry and immediately lubricated with a water-based moisturiser (ideally with SPF 30 filter) to prevent further dehydration. Hundreds of creams and lotions are available for wrinkle-protection, although very few have been proven to be very effective.
The best long-term prevention for wrinkled skin is a healthy lifestyle with daily exercise to keep circulation moving, a diet with plenty of whole grains and fresh fruits and vegetables, staying out of the sun or wearing sun-screen and on-going methods for reducing stress and tension.
If you are worried about the wrinkles you have, some immediate strategies you can initiate are to check your skin care products to make sure you are using only neutral ph balanced soaps, body washes, moisturises etc. Also make sure you avoid harsh irritants such as perfumed soaps, chlorinated swimming pools and hot showers, and moisturise regularly. A beautician or beauty therapist may recommend topical lotions or creams which have been shown to visibly reduce the appearance of fine lines when used regularly.
In addition to creams and other topical products, more and more people, men included, are turning to Cosmetic Doctors for rejuvenation techniques to help their face reflect the way they feel inside. These techniques include injectables, fillers and chemical peels.