What are the symptoms of rosacea?
Symptoms may first appear in the early twenties but often do not start till middle life. Frequent flushing of the face and blushing may be the first signs. In time, a redness may persist over the nose and cheeks. The redness may spread to other parts of the face. A redness of parts of the face is all that most people with rosacea develop. However, lumpy red spots
(papules) and small cysts (pustules) may appear on the face in some people. These tend to come and go at first. The spots and cysts look similar to acne. However, unlike acne, rosacea usually affects people older than thirty and usually affects the area around the nose and cheeks rather than the outer parts of the face. Tiny blood vessels under the skin (telangiectasia) sometimes become quite prominent on the face. Rosacea is not usually painful or itchy. Rarely there may be a burning pain over the reddened skin. You do not usually feel ill with rosacea and serious complications are uncommon. However, rosacea can be unsightly.
People with rosacea flush easily. Their faces may have a permanently red appearance, especially around the cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. Additional symptoms include broken blood vessels, called telangiectasias; hard pimples, called papules; and pus-filled pimples, called pustules. The skin may burn or sting in the reddened areas. In severe cases, the skin thickens around the nose, giving it an enlarged, bulbous appearance. This condition is called rhinophyma. While rosacea symptoms are most common on the face, symptoms may also occur on the back, arms, legs, and scalp. Some patients have symptoms that affect the appearance of their eyes. These include broken blood vessels (telangiectasias) and inflammation around the eyelids. Oil glands in the eyelids may become blocked and enlarged, creating swellings called chalazions. In most cases, vision is not affected.
More information on rosacea
What is rosacea? - Rosacea, or acne rosacea, is a skin disorder leading to redness and pimples on the nose, forehead, cheekbones, and chin.
What are the symptoms of rosacea? - Symptoms of rosacea may first appear in the early twenties but often do not start till middle life. People with rosacea flush easily.
What causes rosacea? - The cause of rosacea is unknown. There may be a genetic factor. Demodex folliculorum may represent an important cofactor especially in papulopustular rosacea.
Can rosacea be cured? - Although there is no cure for rosacea, it can be treated and controlled. The goals of treatment are to control the condition and improve the appearance of the patient's skin.
What are the treatments for rosacea? - The goal of treatment for rosacea is to reduce or eliminate symptoms and stop the condition from getting worse. The most effective treatments are oral tetracycline and antibiotics.
Is it possible to prevent rosacea? - There is no way to prevent rosacea, but the symptoms can be reduced by recognizing these common triggers.