health care  
 
Articles in skin conditions and diseases: Acne Actinic keratosis Albinism Basal cell nevus syndrome Bathing trunk nevus Birthmarks Cherry angioma Seborrheic keratosis Cutaneous skin tags Dermatitis Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Erythrasma Hives Ingrown toenails Keloid Keratosis pilaris Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome Leprosy Livedo reticularis Moles Mongolian blue spots Psoriasis Polymorphic light eruption Port wine stain Pyogenic granuloma Rosacea Scabies Scleroderma Sebaceous cysts Shingles Skin lesions Skin lesion of histoplasmosis Skin lesion of coccidioidomycosis Skin tags Smallpox Spider angioma Spider veins Superficial thrombophlebitis Tinea versicolor Urticaria pigmentosa Varicose veins Vitiligo Wegener's granulomatosis Xanthelasma and xanthoma

Treatment and precautions for albinism

It's not always easy to diagnose the exact type of albinism a person has; there are two tests available that can identify only two types of the condition. Recently, a blood test has been developed that can identify carriers of the gene for some types of albinism; a similar test during amniocentesis can diagnose some types of albinism in an unborn child. A chorionic villus

sampling test during the fifth week of pregnancy may also reveal some types of albinism.

The specific type of albinism a person has can be determined by taking a good family history and examining the patient and several close relatives. The "hairbulb pigmentation test" is used to identify carriers by incubating a piece of the person's hair in a solution of tyrosine, a substance in food which the body uses to make melanin. If the hair turns dark, it means the hair is making melanin (a "positive" test); light hair means there is no melanin. This test is the source of the names of two types of albinism: "ty-pos" and "ty-neg."

The tyrosinase test is more precise than the hairbulb pigmentation test. It measures the rate at which hair converts tyrosine into another chemical (DOPA), which is then made into pigment. The hair converts tyrosine with the help of a substance called "tyrosinase." In some types of albinism, tyrosinase doesn't do its job, and melanin production breaks down.

There is no treatment that can replace the lack of melanin that causes the symptoms of albinism. Doctors can only treat, not cure, the eye problems that often accompany the lack of skin color. Glasses are usually needed and can be tinted to ease pain from too much sunlight. There is no cure for involuntary eye movements (nystagmus), and treatments for focusing problems (surgery or contact lenses) are not effective in all cases.

Crossed eyes (strabismus) can be treated during infancy, using eye patches, surgery or medicine injections. Treatment may improve the appearance of the eye, but it can do nothing to cure the underlying condition.

Patients with albinism should avoid excessive exposure to the sun, especially between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. If exposure can't be avoided, they should use UVA-UVB sunblocks with an SPF of at least 20. Taking beta- carotene may help provide some skin color, although it doesn't protect against sun exposure. Sunburn is skin damage from exposure to ultraviolet light, which is a part of sunlight that is not visible to the human eye. Redness develops 2 to 6 hours after exposure to ultraviolet light, and sunburn may not turn completely red until as long as 24 hours after the exposure. As a result a sunburn can worsen after a person leaves the sun. Prolonged sun exposure in a person who does not tan well is associated with the development of skin cancer. This can be prevented with correct protection of the skin from the ultraviolet radiation of the sun.

Most children with albinism should function in a mainstream classroom environment, provided the school gives specific attention to their special needs for vision. Contact with the school system should begin well before kindergarten, since school systems provide preschool services to children with disabilities. Preschool evaluations allow parents and teachers to form an Individual Education Plan for the child. The use of Braille is not necessary, and, if a trial of Braille is given, children with albinism will read the dots visually. Children with albinism often prefer to read with a head tilt and usually hold the page close to the eyes. Occasionally it can be difficult to get them to use their glasses, as they do not notice significant improvement in their vision when glasses are used. Furthermore, use of glasses or books with large print can be difficult because of peer pressure.

More information on albinism

What is albinism? - Albinism is a genetic condition resulting in a lack of pigmentation in the eyes, skin and hair. Albinism in hair, skin, and eyes is called oculocutaneous albinism.
Signs and symptoms of albinism - Symptoms of albinism can involve the skin, hair, and eyes. The main subdivisions of albinism include oculocutaneous, ocular, and albinoidism.
What causes albinism? - The main problems of albinism are caused by the inability of the body to produce melanin pigment. Albinism is mostly a recessively inherited disease.
Visual problems associated with albinism - People with albinism generally suffer impaired vision. They may have varying degrees of partial-sightedness; either near-sighted or far-sighted.
Treatment and precautions for albinism - There is no treatment that can replace the lack of melanin that causes the symptoms of albinism. Patients with albinism should avoid excessive exposure to the sun. 
Skin care Mainpage

Recommended skin care products


ClearSkin Skin Wash
Natural skin wash with herbal ingredients for skin health and nourishment. A 100% natural, safe and proven herbal wash that cleanses skin thoroughly without drying or flaking.

Age-defense Active Day Cream
Age-defense active day cream contains ingredients specially chosen for their ability to reverse the visible signs of aging skin. Your skin will become softer, smoother and younger-looking!

Deep Active Cleansing Mask
Deep active cleansing mask is specially formulated for all skin types and gives your skin an extra deep cleansing treatment to remove toxins. Your skin will feel fresh and glowing.

Featured skin topics

Acne
Dermatitis
Psoriasis
Rosacea
Spider veins
Varicose veins
Vitiligo
Dry skin (xerosis)
Wrinkles
Age spots
Eczema
Freckles
Facial skin care
Dry skin care
Oily skin care
Skin whitening
Asian skin care
Black skin care
Organic skin care
Skin resurfacing
Face Lift
Dermabrasion
Skin care tips
Skin care recipes
Natural skin care


All information is intended for reference only. Please consult your physician for accurate medical advices and treatment. Copyright 2005, health-cares.net, all rights reserved. Last update: July 18, 2005